Trojan War

According to the Greek mythology, the Trojan War was between Greeks (Achaeans) and the city of Troy. This war started when Paris took Helen from her husband, king of Sparta, Menelaus. The Trojan War was described in many works in the Greek literature. The most important and known is Homer’s Iliad. The war originated as the result of a quarrel between Hera, Athena and Aphrodite, the goddesses. The goddess of discord and strife, Eris, gave them a golden apple. In mythology, it is known as the Apple of Discord. It was marked ‘’for the fairest.’’ Zeus, sent the goddesses to Paris. She judged that Aphrodite should receive the apple, as the ‘’fairest.’’ As the result, the Aphrodite made Helen, a wife of Menelaus. She was the most beautiful woman of all women.

According to the ancient Greeks, the Trojan War was the event that occurred in the 13th or 12th century BC. It is believed that the city of Troy was located near Dardanelles, modern-day Turkey. As of the mid-19th century, were widely believed that the Troy and the Trojan War were non-historical. In 1988, Heinrich Schliemann, a German archaeologist, meet Frank Calvert. He convinced Schliemann that the city of Troy was at Hissarlik. This claim is now widely acceptable.
The most known thing about Trojan War was the Trojan horse.

Because the city of Troy had massive and unreachable walls, a Greek army couldn’t get inside the city. After 10 of the siege, they made a huge wooden horse and left it. When Trojans brought it in the city, they started celebrating victory. They didn’t know that inside the horse were Greek soldiers. At night they opened the city’s gates and let the army inside. This was the end of the war.

 

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