When the British arrived in 1788, it is predicted that there were around 300,000 Aboriginal people who were living in Australia.
They lived in small group, usually family groups and were leading nomadic life, which means that they were moving with the changes in the seasons, because they wanted to have the best living conditions.
Sometimes large groups would meet for trade purposes and also sometimes for social and ceremonial purposes.
Land was very important to these people and they didn’t have typical boundaries as we have them now. They were spiritually connected to a certain territory and they didn’t think that it is important to own any territory.
In the early 1800s Europeans took some parts of the land, parts they thought they need, and they forced Aboriginal people to move.
Since they didn’t think that what Europeans did was fair, they started the war against them. Sadly Europeans were stronger and obviously prepared for every obstacle, so they poisoned the flour and then distributed to Aboriginal people.
This led to a lot of deadly diseases, and since they didn’t have stronger and more resistant immunities a lot of them died, including entire tribes.
With the advantage of guns and with amazing and organized military forces, The Europeans won the war and conquered the land.
It was believed that Aboriginal people were less human, and that’s why they couldn’t enter other cities without permission.
In 1967 Aboriginals were granted full citizenship rights, which seemed like a progress, but unfortunately they were still facing a lot of things such as racism and disadvantage.
Luckily in 2007 Prime Minster Kevin Rudd made a formal apology to the Aboriginal people of Australia.