Alhambra is a palace and fortress in Spain. It found itself in the world in the form of a small fortress in the year 889, but was soon lost in oblivion. It was rediscovered in the form of ruins in the middle of the 11th century by the emir of Granada. The year 1333 saw to its conversion into a comprehensive royal palace.
Almost all the buildings of the palatial complex are quadrangular in shape. All the rooms of Alhambra open in a central court. More palatial buildings were added to the complex by different rulers who lived in the palace. The aesthetic beauty was maintained by the addition of fountains with flowing water, pools that reflected the adjoining monuments, and columnar arcades. But the exterior of the palace was left bare. Sunlight was welcomed and so was fresh air. The colors used to paint the palace were many and varied, but they faded over time.
Inscriptions from the Holy Quran are the only forms of decorations found here. The walls are paneled with tiles painted with flowers or scenes from battles.
The city was captured by the Christians in 1492, and the Christians began to design the city as per their choices and preference. These conflicted with the Muslim style that was used in Alhambra till then. Paintings were defaced and rubbed off, and quite a bit of the old furniture from the Muslim era was destroyed and removed.
Several changes were made by Charles I and Philip V as per their affinity. The French did their bit of damage in 1812, and a lot of damage was caused by the earthquake in 1821. Attempts to restore the lost glory of the palace were initiated in 1828 and were continued by the generations to follow.