The Battle of Stalingrad (now Volgograd), was one of the largest battles in the World War II. In it, Germany and its allies, wanted to capture and control this city, located in Southern Russia. Because of a direct attack on the city and civilians by air raids, this battle is often known as one of the bloodiest battles in the history of humankind. Battle of Stalingrad had an important role in the World War II. The Germans had massive losses, so they had to withdrew military from the West, in order to replace their massive losses. This weakened the Germans in the West.
The battle of Stalingrad started on 23 August, 1942. Nazi Germany used elements of the 4th Panzer Army and 6th Army. They were supported by the constant Luftwaffe bombing that destroyed almost the entire city. After three months (by November 1942), the fighting changed into building-to-building fighting. At first, German forces pushed Soviet defenders to the zones at the west bank of the Volga. On 19 November, the Russian Red Army, launched an attack on the Hungarian and Romanian forces, that were protecting the Germans 6th Army’s flanks. The name of that two-pronged attack was Operation Uranus. It was a successful attack, after which 6th Army was surrounded in the city’s area.
After the attack, Adolf Hitler ordered that the 6th Army stays in Stalingrad and don’t try to break out. They were supplied by air. For another two months, heavy fighting continued. By 2 February, 1943, the German forces exhausted their food and ammunition and the remaining of the 6th Army surrendered. The Battle of Stalingrad lasted 5 months, 1 week and 3 days.