The Battle of Neuve Chapelle lasted from 10 to 13 March 1915. It was one of the battles in the World War I. This was a British offensive in the French region Artois. It broke through at Neuve-Chapelle. British troops relieved French troops in Flanders. The Battle of Neuve Chapelle should cause a rupture in the lines of the German Army. The French Tenth Army should capture Artois plateau and Vimy Ridge. This should give them an opportunity to take over control of the railways and roads used by the Germans. This means that they will advance 10-15 miles. The French offensive was cancelled. Despite the bad weather conditions, RFC (Royal Flying Corps) carried out aerial photography. This enabled the attack to be mapped to a 1.500 yards depth.
This was the first battle in the World War I that was planned by British. The rest of the war on the Western Front took the form of this battle. But, the communications experienced problems so the tempo of the battle was slowed down. This gave enough time to the Germans to dig new lines and increase the size of their troops.
The British forces launched a second attack on the place where the first assault was stopped. The Germans launched a counter attack with 16.000 men on 12 March. It was a costly failure. The First Army commander, Sir Douglas Haig, canceled new attacks and ordered to the troops to prepare for the new attack on the north. Because they were out of ammunition, the new attack was impossible. The 7th division showed some effort, but it was a failure. After these attacks, the Germans increased the number of their troops and make their defense stronger.