Attack on Pearl Harbor

On December 7, 1941 the Imperial Japanese Navy attacked Pearl Harbor, the United States naval base. This battle is known as the attack on Pearl Harbor. This attack was responsible for the entry of the United States in the World War II. This attack was done in order to prevent U.S Pacific Fleet from interfering with the plans of the Empire of Japan. Their military plans included actions against overseas territories of the Netherland, United States and United Kingdom. Empire of Japan attacked the Philippines that were held by the US; in Malaya, on the British Empire, Singapore and Hong Kong.

The attack started at precisely 7:48 a.m. Pearl Harbor was attacked by torpedo planes and 353 Japanese fighter planes and bombers. There were two waves of the attack. Both were launched from 6 aircraft carriers. At that moment, there were 8 U.S Navy battleships at the base. They all were damaged, and 4 of them sunk. All battleships, except Arizona were raised after. After repairs, 6 of them went to fight in the war. Beside battleships, 3 destroyers, 3 cruisers, 188 airplanes and anti-aircraft training camp were destroyed. 1.178 Americans were wounded and 2.403 were killed. Other parts of the base, shipyard, maintenance, power station and other, weren’t damaged.

Only one Japanese sailor was captured. His name is Kazuo Sakamaki. Japan lost: 5 small submarines and 29 aircrafts. 65 servicemen were wounded or killed. The next day, on 8 December, the United States declared war on the Empire of Japan. This attack happened while the negotiations were lasting. Also, Japan attacked without declaring war on the United States or giving any kind of warning!

 

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