Landing at Cape Helles

The Landing at Cape Helles was a part of the British and French amphibious invasion of the Gallipoli in the World War I. It occurred on 25 April 1915. The main landing area was the foot of the peninsula. On the first day, 29th Division advanced 9.7 kilometers and took Achi Baba. They were supported by the Royal Navy. The next step was capturing the forts. The real landing was made at Gaba Tepe by the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps. French forces landed on the Kum Kale. 

Because the commander of the British forces, Major General Aylmer Hunter-Weston, mismanaged landing, W and V beaches are known for severe losses. Other landing spots were not exploited. The British forces fought two months in order to accomplish their objective. The Ottoman forces had a good defense. 

W and V beaches suffered heavy losses, because on them, the Ottomans had new weapons and fortifications were hard to conquer. Because of these, the Allies lost many soldiers. Hamilton was criticized because he didn’t order Hunter-Weston to move his forces on other beaches, especially to the Y beach. In fact, Hunter-Weston moved half of the forces from V to W beach at noon. Hamilton didn’t know about the situation on the V beach until he made contact with Hunter-Weston. Generals on the Western Front had a tendency to dwell on the points where the enemy had strongest fortifications and the most soldiers. 

Ottomans believed that they can defend the French landing (Kum Kale) with just 4 battalions. In fact, this landing was very successful. General Weber Pasha was criticized because his troops weren’t prepared for the attack. 

 

 

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