First Battle of Krithia

The First Battle of Krithia started on 28 April (three days after the Landing at Cape Helles). It was the first attempt of the Allied to make progress in the Battle of Gallipoli in the World War I. The attack broke down. The reasons were: lack of communications, the defensive power of the Ottoman forces and poor planning and leadership.
The battle started with a naval bombardment in 8 a.m. According to plan, French forces should hold the position on the right side and British forces would pivot. They should attack Achi Baba from the west and south and eventually capture Krithia. The communication between battalion commanders and the brigade was poor. Hunter-Weston was far away from the front so he wasn’t able to affect on the attack.
At first, British forces made a progress, but the further they advanced, the terrain was more difficult. On the left side, their forces rain into Gully Ravine. 1st Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers and 1st Border Regiment (2 battalions of the 87th Brigade) were held by a machine gun. Despite this, they entered the ravine. A further advance was made in 12-13 May.
Britain and France had at their disposal 14.000 troops (19 battalions). The British lost 2.000 soldiers and French lost 1.001 soldiers. The duration of the battle was minor. On the other side, the Ottoman Empire had at their disposal 9 battalions. They lost 2.378 soldiers. The First Battle of Krithia was one of the most important battles in the campaign. This battle proved that the belief, that British forces can easily defeat the enemy was a mistake. After the battle, Helles became the main scene of many battles.

 

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