The battle of Agincourt was fought on Friday, 25th October, 1415. The location of the battle is near todays Azincourt in the northern France. This was a major victory of England in the Hundred Years’ War. The English army was led by Henry V. They fought against the superior French army. After this battle, a new period started. Henry VI (Henry’s V son) married the French king’s daughter and was made heir to the French throne. Henry V led his army into the battle and he participated in hand-to-hand fighting. On the other side, Charles VI, the French king of that time, didn’t lead his army himself because he was sick and he suffered from mental incapacitation. The French army was led by Constable Charles d'Albret and several noblemen of the Armagnac party. The Battle of Agincourt is most known for the use of the English longbow. The Henry’s army consisted mostly of Welsh and English longbow. Also, this battle had an important role in the play ‘’Henry V’’ written by William Shakespeare.
The estimated strength of England’s army was: between 6.000 and 9.000 soldiers. 5/6 of them were longbow archers and 1/6 were men-at-arms in heavy armor and dismounted knights. The French army was bigger. It consisted of, between 12.000 and 36.000 soldiers. 10.000 of them were men-at-arms. The exact number of crossbowmen and infantry is unknown. The English army lost 1.600 soldiers and the number of wounded is unknown. The French army lost between 7.000 and 10.000 and 1.500 were taken as prisoners (Jean Le Maingre and Duke of Orléans were taken as prisoners as well). 8 counts, 3 dukes, an archbishop, a viscount and several nobles died.