World War II

World War II was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. It is also known as Second Great War. It included more than 100 million people in more than 30 countries. The WWII was the deadliest conflict in human history. All great powers were included in the war. Eventually they formed two military alliances: the Axis and the Allies.

Although, Japan was at war with the Republic of China since 1937, the WWII has begun on 1 September 1939, when Germany invaded Poland. After that, France and United Kingdom declared war on Germany. Between 1939 and 1941, Germany conquered almost entire Europe. They had a pact with Japan and Italy. This alliance was known as Axis.

Germany and Soviet Union partitioned territories that included: Poland, Baltic States and Finland. They were following Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. The advance of the Axis was stopped in 1942, when Japan lost the Battle of Midway, near Hawaii. Germany was defeated in North Africa. In 1943 they had even more defeats. Germany was defeated in the Eastern Front. The same year, Axis were defeated in the Pacific. This made them retreat.

In 1944, the Soviet Union invaded Germany and its allies. The Western Allies invaded France. In 1944 and 1945 Japan suffered many losses in South Central China and Burma. The World War Two ended in Europe, on 8 May 1945, after Germany’s surrender. They were invaded by the Soviet Union and by the Western Allies. On 6 and 9 August 1945, United States dropped two atomic bombs, on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. This was followed with the Soviet’s Union declaration of war on Japan. This was the end of the World War Two.



 

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