World War I

World War I (knows also as the Great War), started on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918. During that time more than 9 million soldiers and 7 million civilians died! The war was between two alliances. The Allies were United Kingdom, France and Russia.

Their enemies were Germany and Austria-Hungary, known as the Central Powers. Italy was with Germany and Austria-Hungary, but it didn’t join the Central Powers. The number of members in these alliances increased when more nations entered into war. Japan and the United States joined the Allies. On the other side, Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria joined the Central Powers. During World War I, more than 70 million of military personnel were mobilized!

The World War I started after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, in Sarajevo, 28 June 1914. He was killed by Gavrilo Princip, a Yugoslav nationalist. Soon after the assassination, Austria-Hungary delivered an ultimatum to the Kingdom of Serbia. They had many minor conflicts in the past, so this was the excuse, of Austria-Hungary to attack the Kingdom of Serbia. After a few weeks, those countries were at war, which spread to the rest of Europe.

After 4 years of war, Austro-Hungarian Empire, agreed on an armistice, on 4 November 1918. German agreed to armistice on 11 November the same year. The World War I was ended in victory for the Allies. This was end for four imperial powers: Russia, Germany, the Ottoman Empire and Austro-Hungarian Empire! Germany was humiliated in this war. This is one of the reasons for World War II.

 

Modern slavery in the heart of Europe

No need to travel far from EU institutions to find out about migrant labour conditions. At the Arts-Loi Metro station in Brussels, Mohammed, an undocumented Moroccan immigrant, worked for months for 50 euros a day to renovate it, and it was hard labour. You can find his portrait among the pictures…

What was the Tet Offensive?

The Tet offensive was a well-coordinated attack against some targets in South Vietnam by North Vietnam led by communist Viet Cong Forces. This attack which saw the U.S. and South Vietnam militaries suffer severe casualties was orchestrated in 1968 during the lunar New Year which is also known as…

Trump’s Grandparents Came to America

The current U.S. President Donald Trump is proposing some aggressive immigrant regulations that will deter people from coming into the U.S. illegally. From building a wall to proposing a bill that would favor to English speaking immigrants when moving to the United States, the president, and his…

Lynne Viola's book about The Great Terror of the 1930s

"Stalinist Perpetrators on Trial, Scenes from the Great Terror in Soviet Ukraine" is the title of the Lynne Viola book that narrates the terrors of the 1930s in the Soviet Union. What is The Great Terror? The Great Terror is a time in Soviet history that lasted for 16 months during 1937…

Who was Rosie the Riveter?

During World War II, Rosie the Riveter became a cultural icon. She represented the women working in factories and shipyards at the time, many of whom produced munitions and war supplies. Due to many of the working men being shipped off to fight in the war, women were encouraged to replace them.…

The story of historical fiction in terms of Sparta

The historians are divided over their opinion of historical fiction. Developing a story based on true historical character is becoming a norm in films as well as literature. The historians mostly don’t like the fact that writers tend to over exaggerate and manipulate history to catch the…

Sixth Battle of the Isonzo: 6 August-17 August 1916

The Sixth Battle of the Isonzo is known as the successful Italian offensive in the World War I. The Battle of Gorizia is the second name for the Sixth Battle of the Isonzo. It was fought between the Kingdom of Italy and Austria-Hungary. The Italian army was led by Luigi Cadorna. He had at disposal…

Battle of Fromelles: 19–20 July 1916

The Battle of Fromelles was the military operation, conducted by Britain on the Western Front during the World War I. This battle occurred on 19 July 1916 and it ended on the next day. The GHQ (General Headquarters) of the BEF (British Expeditionary Force) ordered to the 1st and 2nd Army to prepare…

The History of Coca-Cola

Coca-Cola is definitely one of the most famous drinks in the world. After more than one hundred years it is still some kind of cult and it seems like it will never stop being one. People all around the world adore this beverage and we cannot blame them since Coca-Cola’s taste is really…

Lake Naroch Offensive: March 18 – April 1916

The Lake Naroch Offensive was fought between March and April 1916. The Russian army had numerical superiority, but they lost. They had severe losses. The Russian army was led by Alexei Kuropatkin and Alexei Evert. They had at their disposal: 480.000 soldiers and 1.000 guns. On the other side, the…

Battle of Hanna: 21 January 1916

The Battle of Hanna was fought on 21 January 1916. It was one of the battles on the Mesopotamian front in the World War I. The battle of Hanna was fought between Anglo-Indian and Ottoman forces. The Anglo-Indian forces were led by Fenton Aylmer. He had, at his disposal 10.000 men. The Ottoman Forces…