The first Egyptian king who stepped forward and built a true pyramid in the shape known today was King Sneferu. He built three pyramids during his lifetime between 2686-2667 BC.
But this was only the beginning of the era that saw about 80 pyramids built in Egypt. They were initially constructed to be mausoleums for pharaohs. They were to serve as a path to the world that the pharaohs were to enter after their death.
Almost all pharaohs prepared for their death in the same manner. Their tombs, the pyramids, were laden with fruits and food that the pharaoh was to require while in the tomb. The pyramids were also stuffed with precious jewels and ornaments which the pharaoh was to use in the life he was to embrace after death. Pyramids were looted and plundered by raiders for all these riches in due course of time.
The pharaoh’s body was mummified or preserved in fabric after anointment with certain chemicals and oils. This was a part of the process of the pharaoh’s journey to the eternal world. Egyptian mummies are still preserved in museums.
Snefuru's son, Khufu, went on to build one of the most famous pyramids of all times, the pyramid of Giza. The pyramids at Giza went on to register themselves among the seven wonders of the world. It took about 10-20 years to complete work on the structure. The pyramid could boast of being one of the tallest structures of its time. It stood at 146 meters or 480.6 feet when it was built, but erosion and time have left it at 138.8 metres or 455.4 feet.