The Operation Barbarossa started on 22 June, 1941. This was the codename for the German invasion of the Soviet Union during the World War II. During the time this operation lasted, more than 4 million of soldiers invaded Russia. The front was 2.900 long. This was the largest invasion in warfare history. In addition, the Germans had at their disposal 600.000-700.000 horses and 600.000 motor vehicles. The main goal of the Adolf Hitler was to conquer the Soviet Union. The Operation Barbarossa speed up the formation of the Allies and escalated the World War II.
Before the invasion, the Soviet Union and Germany signed an agreement that affected on political and economic areas between two forces. The invasion should begin on 15 May 1941, but it was postponed to 22 June 1941. At the beginning, German forces won several battles and conquered several areas of the Soviet Union. Most of them were in Ukraine. The Operation Barbarossa led to several other operations inside the Soviet Union. They were: Operation Citadel, the Siege of Leningrad and Operation Blue.
The Operation Barbarossa, especially its failure was responsible for the end of the World War II. Man German soldiers were reassigned to the Eastern Front, which weakened the rest of the Nazi Germany. The Germans captured millions of Soviet people. They weren’t protected by the Geneva Conventions. Most of them never returned. The Hitler’s idea was to kill as much as possible people at the Eastern Front and repopulate that area with German people.
Germany lost more than 800.000 during the Operation Barbarossa. However, the Soviet Union lost more than 4.000.000 people.