Battles of Lexington and Concord

The Battles of Lexington and Concord were fought on April 19, 1775. They present the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War. The Battles of Lexington and Concord occurred in the Province of Massachusetts Bay, in Middlesex County. These battles occurred within towns, Cambridge and Concord, Lexington, Menotomy and Lincoln. Also, these battles represent the beginning of the conflict between thirteen colonies of the British America and the Kingdom of Great Britain. 

The Suffolk Resolves were adopted (1774) in order to resist to the new changes that were made by the British parliament to the Massachusetts colonial government. They followed the Boston Tea Party. Soon, the Massachusetts Provincial Congress was formed and they started calling for the militias, which had to begin training and prepare themselves for possible attacks. This new government, at that time treated as rebel, had a control over the colony outside Boston that was controlled by Britain. 700 people, who were loyal to the British army, got tasks to destroy the supplies of the rebel army. Patriot colonials know about this and they moved their supplies.

The first encounter was at Lexington. The militia forces were outnumbered so they had to fell back. After British forces finished with search for supplies. They began their return to Boston. At that time, more militias arrived from other towns, so the second gunfire started. This encounter continued throughout the day while the regulars were heading towards Boston. During their return to Lexington, Lt. Col. Smith's expedition was saved by the forces led by Brigadier General Hugh Percy (a future duke of Northumberland, later known as Earl Percy). Eventually, the combined forces reach the Charlestown.

 

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