Battle of Moscow

The Battle of Moscow was the fighting on 370 miles (600km) sector on the Eastern Front during the WWII. This name was given by Soviet historians and it is related to two periods. The Battle of Moscow lasted from October 1941 to January 1942. The Soviet had an interesting defensive that frustrated Hitler and his attack on Moscow. This was the capital of the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) and the biggest city in Russia. Also, Moscow was the most important objective in the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union.

The German forces named this offensive Operation Typhoon. It was divided in 2 parts. One included attacks on the northern parts of Moscow by the 3rd and 4th Panzer armies, on Kalinin Front and attacking Moscow-Leningrad railway. The second part of that plan was to attack the south part of Moscow (Moscow Oblast) on the Western Front by the 2nd Panzer Army. During that time, 4th Army should attract Moscow directly. In the final phase, the Operation Wotan was planned. 

Russians defended Moscow Oblast by deploying 3 defensive belts. They also raise armies from Far Eastern Military Districts and Siberia. During this battle, Russian forces halted the German forces and managed to conduct several minor offensives in order to repel the German army and force it to pull back around the city. 

The Battle of Moscow was one of the deadliest in the World War II. German army consisted of: 1.929.406 soldiers, 1.000 tanks, 14.000 guns and 549 aircrafts (they were increased to 599). They lost between 174.000 and 400.000 soldiers. Russian army consisted of: 1.250.000-1.400.000 soldiers, 3.232 tanks, 7.600 guns and 936 aircrafts. They lost between 650.000 and 1.280.000 people.

 

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