The Battle of Midway was one of the most important naval battles in the World War II. It was fought in the Pacific Theatre from 4th to 7th June, 1942. This battle occurred 6 weeks after Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor. The U.S. Navy, was led by Frank Jack Fletcher, Chester Nimitz and Raymond A. Spruance. They defeated the attack the Imperial Japanese Navy, led by Chuichi Nagumo, Nobutake Kondo and Isoroku Yamamoto. The Imperial Japanese Navy suffered massive defeat. This was their first defeat since the Battle of Shimonoseki Straits (1863).
The main goal of Japan was to make the United States capitulate in the Pacific War. This will give them the control over the Pacific. The plan of the Imperial Japanese Navy was to lure the aircraft carriers into a trap and then attack them. This plan failed, because of the wrong Japanese assumption of the American movement and reaction. Furthermore, the American codebreakers were able to break the code which Japanese used and determine the exact location and date of the planed Japanese attack. This allowed the U.S Navy to prepare for the attack and their own ambush.
The U.S. Navy had at their disposal: 3 carriers, 7 heavy cruisers, 1 light cruiser, 15 destroyers, 127 aircrafts (on the ground), 233 aircrafts on the carriers and 16 submarines. They lost: 1 carrier, 1 destroyer, 150 aircrafts and 307 men. On the other side, the Imperial Japanese Navy had: 4 carriers, 2 battleships, 2 heavy cruiser, 1 light cruiser, 248 aircrafts, 12 destroyers and 16 floatplanes. They lost: 4 carriers, 1 heavy cruiser, 248 aircrafts and 3.057 men were killed.