Who is Genghis Khan?

Genghis Khan was the founder of the Mongolian Empire. He was emperor (Great Khan) of the Empire, which reach the highest power and territory during his reign. He started rising by uniting many nomadic tribes that lived in Northeast Asia. Then, Genghis Khan, found the Mongol Empire. After that, he started the Mongol invasion, and conquered almost whole Eurasia. This included invasions of the: Caucasus, Khwarezmid Empire, Western Xia, Kara-Khitan Khanate and Jin dynasties. Those invasions were brutal and often included massacres of the civilian population. The situation was even worse in the Xia and Khwarezmian lands. On the other side, the Mongol Empire occupied large areas of China and Central Asia.

Genghis Khan died in 1227. Before his death, he defeated Western Xia and divided his empire into khanates among his sons and grandsons. He assigned Ögedei Khan as the next ruler of the empire. The location of his grave is still unknown. After his death, the Mongol Empire increased its size by making vassal states and conquering states. This empire was spread on the territories of todays: Korea, China, Central Asia, Russia, Middle East and Eastern parts of Europe. Again, invasions were brutal and often included many dead civilians.

Beside territorial achievements, Genghis Khan improved his empire in many other ways. He adopted the Uyghur script, the writing system. He encouraged religious tolerance and practiced meritocracy. He was responsible for bringing the Silk Road under one political environment. This had a positive effect, by increasing the communication between Christian Europe, Muslim Southwest Asia and Northeast Asia. Today, Genghis Khan is known as the father of Mongolia, due to many accomplishments and improvements.

 

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