The idea of the White House was conceived by Irish-born architect James Hoban. The first US President to actually live in the White House was President John Adams in 1800. The river Potomac was chosen as the centre point to host the offices of the US government by the first President George Washington and his aide Pierre L’Enfant. Together, they came upon the address of 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue as the new residence of President Washington.
The cornerstone for the White House found itself in place in 1792. it was only after eight years of construction that President John Adams could move into the completed house in 1800.
Quite a part of the White House was damaged and destroyed by the fire in 1814. Many alterations and additions were made to the building down the annals of time. A whitewash based in lime was used to paint the whole house in a white color in 1798 after completion. The house remains in the same color ever since. Basically, the white paint protects the stone from the freezing temperatures of Washington. The name was made ‘White House’ officially in September 1901 when President Theodore Roosevelt assumed the mantle.
All presidents of the United States have found a home in the White House ever since and have successfully operated the nation from its precincts.
The enormous nature of the White House can be gauged by the huge number of rooms it has. The White House has 132 rooms to live in. There are 35 washrooms to serve the residents, who live in a house that has 412 doors and 147 windows.