The Siege of Vienna: 1529

In 1529, the Ottoman Empire, led by Suleiman the Magnificent tried for the first time to capture the city of Vienna, Austria. This siege is linked to the maximum extent of the Ottoman Empire and their maximum power. Because they didn’t succeed in this conquest, Ottomans attacked and conquered the parts of central and eastern Europe for almost a century. Before the Siege of Vienna, the Ottomans established a vassal state in Transylvania and annexed Central Hungary. There are some historians who believe that Suleiman really wanted to assert their control over the whole Hungary. The western part, also known as Royal Hungary was under Habsburg control. Others believe that this siege was an opportunistic maneuver after Ottomans victory in Hungary. Today, children learn that this was a prologue to a later conquest of Europe.

According to historian sources, the City of Vienna had at its disposal between 17.000 and 21.000 soldiers. The number of killed and wounded is unknown. On the other side, the Ottoman Empire had between 120.000 and 125.000 soldiers. 15.000 of them were killed, wounded or captured. There are some speculations that the last attack of Suleiman wasn’t intended to conquer the city, but to damage it as much as possible, in order to prepare it for the next attack. Suleiman used this tactic at Buda in 1526. The plan was to lead the second siege of Vienna in 1532, but the Suleiman’s army was stalled by Croatian Captain Nikola Jurišić. During the siege of Güns, Nikola Jurišić, with only 700-800 soldiers managed to delay the advance of Ottomans army.

 

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