Vatican City houses St. Peter's Basilica, the largest church in the world. Based on Vatican Hill, it forms the rock bed of Christianity. Its construction took about a hundred years even though some of the best architects of the era contributed to its construction. It stands out as the church highest on the rank of popularity in the world. It originates from the renaissance period.
Statistically, the church occupies an area of 22,300 square metres or 240,000 square feet, which goes on to make it the largest church when the area is concerned. It holds a record of having a capacity of 60,000 people at a time.
The original St Peter’s Basilica was completed in 50 years, and was ready in 370 AD. But the beginning of the 15th century saw the walls crumbling. It took a long time for successive popes and rulers to sort out matters, and get it reconstructed. Pope Urban VIII took the bold initiative to recreate the grandeur of the cathedral in 1626. The restoration work was not over before 1667.
The huge dome guarding the church was constructed after finding impressions in the Pantheon. The huge expenditure that was to be incurred in reconstructing St Peter’s Basilica was what is supposed to have fuelled the tenets of Protestantism. The pope, in his desperateness to acquire funds, let people commit sins in return for money. People like Martin Luther were opposed to this kind of fundraising scheme on the part of the Pope. This gave birth to Reformation after giving way to Protestantism.
The location of the Church marks the place where Saint Peter found martyrdom, and this is where his grave is since he died in 64 AD when he was crucified. Saint Peter was one of the apostles chosen by Jesus.