Battle of Hill 60: 21–29 August 1915

The last, major assault in the Gallipoli Campaign was the Battle of Hill 60. It started on 21 August 1915. It should coincide with the Scimitar Hill attack, on the Suvla front, made by General Frederick Stopford's British IX Corps. Capturing the Hill 60 and Scimitar Hill, will allow Suvla and Anzac landings to be connected. There were two, major attacks made by Allied forces. The first attack started on 21 August. The second attack started on 27 August. During the first attack, Allied forces captured limited ground in the lower parts of the hill. However, the Ottoman forces were able to defend the top part of the hill, even on 22 August when the Australian battalion arrived. The second attack had the same faith. 

This attack was the last Allied attack around Anzac, before their evacuation in December 1915. Chris Coulthard-Clark, a historian, described this battle as a series of badly coordinated attacks, that caused many casualties and poor ground gain. The Allies were unsuccessful in capturing the Hill 60. But, the attack had some advantages for the Allies. 

Allies lost 1.100 people. The Australian 18th Battalion was seriously reduced, to 1/3 of its original strength. Second Lieutenant Hugo Throssell (10th Light Horse) was awarded with the Victoria Cross, for his actions during the Battle of Hill 60. On 29 August, the Allied commander, General Ian Hamilton, said that soldiers are in a good form thanks to good news from Anzac. 
A stalemate was the result. In November, New Zealand forces placed a mine under the Hill 60 and made a huge crater. The Ottoman forces mined the positions of the Allies. The Hill 60 positions were mined before the evacuation (12 December). 

 

 

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